All About Atopic Dermatitis
Atopic dermatitis is a form of skin illness that affects a large percentage of people in the world. It is also known as dermatitis, eczema, or atopy, and it is usually a long-lasting condition. Atopic dermatitis can also be accompanied by hay fever or asthma. It is most common in babies and children, but it can remain until adulthood or occur later in life as well.
Up to today, medical experts have not found out the true cause of atopic dermatitis, but it is believed that it is caused by a combination of environmental and genetic factors. It is more likely that atopic dermatitis will occur in children if one or both of the parents are suffering from the condition or certain allergic conditions such as hay fever or asthma. Atopic dermatitis can also result from malfunction of the immune system of the body, which can create inflammation in the skin.
Some of the common symptoms of atopic dermatitis include red or brownish patches on the skin, itching, small bumps on the skin, scaly and cracked skin, and sensitivity to scratching. The patches are usually found on the feet and the hands, the area where the elbow bends, at the back of the knees, as well as on the wrists, ankles, face, upper chest, neck, and eyelids. When atopic dermatitis affects the skin around the eyes, rubbing and scratching can cause swelling and redness, as well as loss of eyelashes.
Treatment that is administered to cure atopic dermatitis is usually aimed at relieving inflammation and itching, and preventing recurrence of the condition. Mild atopic dermatitis can be controlled with non-prescription anti-itch creams as well as home remedies. A number of medications can also be used to treat atopic dermatitis, and these include corticosteroid creams, oral corticosteroids, oral antihistamines, antibiotics, and immunomodulators. Light therapy is another effective way to treat atopic dermatitis. Several measures can be taken to treat atopic dermatitis in babies, and these include avoiding extreme temperatures and skin irritations, as well as using lotions, bath oils, lotions, and creams to lubricate the baby’s skin.
One of the best ways to prevent atopic dermatitis is to maintain the right level of moisture on the skin. Those who are more susceptible to atopic dermatitis should take a bath or shower only once a day. Each bathing session should last for 15 to 20 minutes only, and warm water should be used instead of hot water. It is important to use mild soaps when taking a shower, because anti-bacterial and deodorant soaps can cause dryness on the skin. When drying after shower, use a soft towel to pat dry. Moisturizers are also effective in preventing atopic dermatitis because they help to keep water within the skin.
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